Exhibit Bibliography

Websites and Articles

“$4,650,000 Quota Adopted for J.D.C. in 1937.” Jewish Telegraphic Agency. February 8, 1937. http://pdfs.jta.org/1937/1937-02-08_156.pdf?_ga=2.46879463.1797971343.1576507043-1542497820.1569259983.

“2017 Greater Pittsburgh Jewish Community Study.” Berman Jewish DataBank, n.d. https://www.jewishdatabank.org/content/upload/bjdb/2017_Pittsburgh_Jewish_Community_Study_Infographic.pdf.

“A Refugee Crisis.” Facing History and Ourselves. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://www.facinghistory.org/holocaust-and-human-behavior/chapter-7/refugee-crisis.

“A Remarkable Trial.” Pittsburgh Daily Post, July 12, 1883. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86355974/?terms=jews.

“A Strange Plea From Georgia.” The Pittsburgh Courier, September 30, 1933. https://www.newspapers.com/image/40879471/?terms=jews.

“About Us.” B’nai B’rith International. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://www.bnaibrith.org/about-us.html.

“All People Asked to Give in Aid of Jewish Sufferers From the War.” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 23, 1916. https://www.newspapers.com/image/85762669/?terms=jews.

“America and the Holocaust.” Facing History and Ourselves. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://www.facinghistory.org/defying-nazis/america-and-holocaust.

“America and the Holocaust.” My Jewish Learning. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://www.myjewishlearning.com/article/america-and-the-holocaust/.

“American Public Opinion Data.” Facing History and Ourselves. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://www.facinghistory.org/defying-nazis/american-public-opinion-data.

Andrica, Theodore. “Zionist Leaders See Hope for Permanent Home in Palestine.” The Pittsburgh Press, February 15, 1938. https://www.newspapers.com/image/146968504/?terms=jews.

“Anti-Semitism in the U.S.” Harvard’s Jewish Problem. Jewish Virtual Library. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/harvard-s-jewish-problem.

Berkley Center for Religion, and Georgetown University. “Welcoming Refugees in Pittsburgh.” Berkley Center fo Religion, Peace and World Affairs. Georgetown University, November 12, 2018. https://berkleycenter.georgetown.edu/responses/welcoming-refugees-in-pittsburgh.

Blakemore, Erin. “A Ship of Jewish Refugees Was Refused U.S. Landing in 1939. This Was Their Fate.” History.com. A&E Television Networks, June 4, 2019. https://www.history.com/news/wwii-jewish-refugee-ship-st-louis-1939.

“Borah Hits Plan To ‘Open Door’ For Jews.” Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph, November 20, 1938. https://www.newspapers.com/image/523977824/?terms=jews.

Burstin, Barbara. “Holocaust Survivors: Rescue and Resettlement in the United States.” Jewish Women’s Archive. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/holocaust-survivors-rescue-and-resettlement-in-united-states.

“Canadian Haven for Jews Studied.” The Pittsburgh Press, September 4, 1938. https://www.newspapers.com/image/147493195/?terms=jewish+refugees.

Cohn, D’Vera. “How U.S. Immigration Laws and Rules Have Changed through History.” Pew Research Center. Pew Research Center, September 30, 2015. https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2015/09/30/how-u-s-immigration-laws-and-rules-have-changed-through-history/.

“Columbian Council of Jewish Women Have Planned Campaign.” Pittsburgh Weekly Gazette, September 25, 1904. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86269253/?terms=jewish.

“Congress of Zionists.” Pittsburgh Daily Post, August 12, 1900. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86429180/?terms=jewish+refugees.

“Cross-Section of Readers’ Opinion–Letters to Editor.” The Pittsburgh Press, June 13, 1937. https://www.newspapers.com/image/146919970/?terms=jews.

“Cross-Section of Readers’ Opinion–Letters to Editor.” The Pittsburgh Press, December 11, 1938. https://www.newspapers.com/image/147776330/?terms=jews.

“Cuba May Be Haven for Jewish Refugees.” The Pittsburgh Press, November 5, 1938. https://www.newspapers.com/image/147791242/?terms=jewish+refugees.

“Documents Required to Obtain a Visa.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/documents-required-to-obtain-a-visa.

“Dr Erwin Perles.” Ancestry.com. Accessed December 16, 2019. https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=60525&h=111588932&tid=&pid=&usePUB=true&_phsrc=lOe486&_phstart=successSource.

Eder, Jacob. “Why HIAS Became a Target of Hate.” The Atlantic. Atlantic Media Company, October 29, 2018. https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2018/10/what-is-hiasand-why-did-the-pittsburgh-gunman-target-its-work/574204/.

“Eight Million Hebrews Long For Zion.” Pittsburgh Weekly Gazette, August 20, 1905. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86254193/?terms=jews.

Eldridge, Alison. “What’s the Difference Between a Migrant and a Refugee?” Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, inc. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://www.britannica.com/story/whats-the-difference-between-a-migrant-and-a-refugee.

“Eugenics Archive Timeline.” The Eugenics Archives. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://eugenicsarchive.ca/discover/timeline/517140b2eed5c60000000002.

“Europe by the Atlantic Cable.” The Pittsburgh Commercial, September 16, 1871. https://www.newspapers.com/image/85675957/?terms=jews.

Foley, William R. “Urges Letting Refugees Enter U.S.” The Pittsburgh Press, May 19, 1939. https://www.newspapers.com/image/147697487/?terms=jewish+refugees+pittsburgh.

“Generation to Generation.” Rauh Jewish Archives, March 28, 2016. http://www.jewishfamilieshistory.org/.

“German Jewish Refugees, 1933-1939.” Holocaust Encyclopedia. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/german-jewish-refugees-1933-1939.

German Paper Ridicules Evian Conference. Jewish Virtual Library. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/german-paper-ridicules-evian-conference.

“Germany Balked in Search for Jewish Refugee Haven.” The Pittsburgh Press, June 9, 1939. https://www.newspapers.com/image/147704274/?terms=jewish+refugees.

“Gertrude D Perles.” Ancestry.com. Accessed December 16, 2019. https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=61406&h=2259609&tid=&pid=&usePUB=true&_phsrc=lOe489&_phstart=successSource.

“Gertrude Jaegendorf.” Ancestry.com. Accessed December 16, 2019. https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=3693&h=30301305&tid=&pid=&usePUB=true&_phsrc=lOe488&_phstart=successSource https://abcnews.go.com/US/anti-semitic-attacks-us-doubled-adl/story?id.

“Give Liberally to Russian Jews.” Pittsburgh Weekly Gazette, November 13, 1905. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86260372/?terms=jews.

Granquist, Mark A. “Lithuanian Americans.” Countries and Their Cultures. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://www.everyculture.com/multi/Le-Pa/Lithuanian-Americans.html.

Greene, Daniel, and Frank Newport. “American Public Opinion and the Holocaust.” Gallup.com. Gallup, September 4, 2019. https://news.gallup.com/opinion/polling-matters/232949/american-public-opinion-holocaust.aspx.

“Guide to the Pittsburgh Council of B’nai B’rith Scrapbooks, 1944-1959.” Historic Pittsburgh. University of Pittsburgh Library System . Accessed December 13, 2019. https://historicpittsburgh.org/islandora/object/pitt:US-QQS-mss815/viewer.

“Hebrew Free Loan Association of Pittsburgh” Hebrew Free Loan Association of Pittsburgh. Accessed December 13, 2019. http://hflapgh.org/.

“Help for Jewish Immigrants Asked.” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 18, 1935. https://www.newspapers.com/image/90135301/?terms=jewish+refugees.

“Henry Ford Advocates Admission of Jewish Refugees to U.S.” The Pittsburgh Press, December 1, 1938. https://www.newspapers.com/image/147709701/?terms=jewish+refugees.

“Historical Overview of Immigration Policy.” Center for Immigrant Studies. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://cis.org/Historical-Overview-Immigration-Policy.

History.com Editors. “U.S. Immigration Timeline.” History.com. A&E Television Networks, December 21, 2018. https://www.history.com/topics/immigration/immigration-united-states-timeline.

Holloway. “Strange Interlude.” The Pittsburgh Courier, April 16, 1938. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/25876858/the_pittsburgh_courier/.

“How A Quest To Save Soviet Jews Changed The World.” NPR. NPR, October 30, 2010. https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=130936993.

Huss, Pierre J. “Nazis Warn Jews in U.S. To ‘Shut Up’.” Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph, November 11, 1938. https://www.newspapers.com/image/524634328/.

“Immigrants and Internationals.” Resources | Immigrants and Internationals | Allegheny County. alleghenycounty.us. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://www.alleghenycounty.us/Human-Services/Resources/Immigrants-and-Internationals.aspx.

Immigration. “History Lesson 5: U.S. Immigration Policy and the Holocaust.” Educating About Immigration. Constitutional Rights Foundation. Accessed December 13, 2019. http://www.crfimmigrationed.org/lessons-for-teachers/144-hl5.

“Immigration Policies.” Jewish Virtual Library. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/immigration-policies.

“IMMIGRATION TO THE UNITED STATES 1933–41.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/immigration-to-the-united-states-1933-41.

Jacobs, Peter. “Harvard Is Being Accused Of Treating Asians The Same Way It Used To Treat Jews.” Business Insider. Business Insider, December 4, 2014. https://www.businessinsider.com/the-ivy-leagues-history-of-discriminating-against-jews-2014-12.

“Jew-Baiting Is Sport of Mobs.” Pittsburgh Weekly Gazette, July 16, 1905. https://www.newspapers.com/image/76226348/?terms=jews.

“Jewish Activities in the Metropolitan Area.” Jewish Daily Bulletin, February 9, 1934. http://www.jta.org/1934/02/09/archive/jewish-activities-in-the-metropolitan-area.

“Jewish Culture Collapsing in Poland, Backer Tells Women’s Parley.” Jewish Telegraphic Agency. January 26, 1938. http://pdfs.jta.org/1938/1938-01-26_147.pdf?_ga=2.19996664.1797971343.1576507043-1542497820.1569259983.

“Jewish Refugees from Austria.” Facing History and Ourselves. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://www.facinghistory.org/resource-library/jewish-refugees-austria.

“Jewish Veterans Ask Congress Probe of Nazis, Deportation of Alien Agitators.” Jewish Telegraphic Agency. September 28, 1937. http://pdfs.jta.org/1937/1937-09-28_047.pdf?_ga=2.222524251.1797971343.1576507043-1542497820.1569259983.

“JewishEncyclopedia.com.” JEWISH COLONIZATION ASSOCIATION – JewishEncyclopedia.com. Accessed December 16, 2019. http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/8633-jewish-colonization-association.

“Jewry in U.S. Faces Greater Relief Task Than in War, Leader Says.” Pittsburgh Daily Post, September 7, 1919. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86508640/?terms=jewish+refugees.

“Jews Hold Protest Meeting in M’Keesport.” The Pittsburgh Press, March 27, 1933. https://www.newspapers.com/image/146722272/?terms=jews.

“Jews in America Refuse to Be Christianized.” Pittsburgh Weekly Gazette, April 13, 1906. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86255103/?terms=jews.

“Jews March as Protest Against Pogroms.” Pittsburgh Daily Post, June 3, 1919. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86668545/?terms=jews.

“Jobless Welcome Refugee Children.” Pittsburgh Post Gazette, July 12, 1939. https://newspapers.ushmm.org/article/3118.

Kamins, Toni L., Gabe Friedman, Raffi Wineburg, and Julie Wiener. “Rabbi Blames Jews for Jewish Crisis.” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, May 3, 1934. http://www.jta.org/1934/05/03/archive/rabbi-blames-jews-for-jewish-crisis.

Keller, Allan. “A Nation of Wanderers Surging Over the Earth Makes All the World Restive.” The Pittsburgh Press, November 5, 1938. https://www.newspapers.com/image/147791034/?terms=jewish+refugees+pittsburgh.

Knickerbocker, H R. “600,000 Jews in Germany Are Classed as People Without a Country.” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 13, 1933. https://www.newspapers.com/image/90308393/?terms=jews.

“Liberty Welcomes Jewish Refugee Children to New Homes.” The Pittsburgh Press, June 5, 1939. https://newspapers.ushmm.org/article/3072.

“Lindy Assailed as Un-American.” Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph, September 15, 1941. https://www.newspapers.com/image/523925427/?terms=jews.

Lord Melchett. “U.S. and Britain Must Avert New Jewish Persecution–Lord Melchett.” Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph, September 18, 1932. https://www.newspapers.com/image/523630983/?terms=jews.

“Massacre Is Due to Gross Superstition.” Pittsburgh Daily Post, May 19, 1903. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86385877/.

“Memoirs of Mendel Beilis.” Pittsburgh Daily Post, February 22, 1914. https://www.newspapers.com/image/87971117/?terms=jews.

“Migrants, Asylum Seekers, Refugees and Immigrants: What’s the Difference?” International Rescue Committee (IRC), December 11, 2018. https://www.rescue.org/article/migrants-asylum-seekers-refugees-and-immigrants-whats-difference.

Miller, Joaquin. “The City in the Desert.” Pittsburgh Dispatch, January 4, 1891. https://www.newspapers.com/image/76226348/?terms=jews.

“National Council of Jewish Women.” Pittsburgh Weekly Gazette, November 5, 1905. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86257404/?terms=jewish.

“Nazi Summary of the Evian Conference.” Facing History and Ourselves. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://www.facinghistory.org/resource-library/text/nazi-summary-evian-conference.

“Nazis Want Peace Since War Would Halt Reconstruction Program, Luther Says .” The Pittsburgh Press, November 24, 1935. https://www.newspapers.com/image/147259292/?terms=carnegie+international+pittsburgh+germany.

“News – Support the Immigrants and Refugees of Pittsburgh.” Vibrant Pittsburgh. Accessed December 13, 2019. http://vibrantpittsburgh.org/Module/News/NewsDetail/Support_the_Immigrants_and_Refugees_of_Pittsburgh?id=9.

“News in Brief.” Jewish Daily Bulletin, May 12, 1935. http://pdfs.jta.org/1935/1935-05-12_3142.pdf?_ga=2.54664171.1797971343.1576507043-1542497820.1569259983.

Nordau, Max. “Justice for the Jew.” Pittsburgh Weekly Gazette, April 24, 1904. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86232157/?terms=jews.

“Opportunity to Repay.” Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph, February 13, 1931. https://www.newspapers.com/image/523558080/?terms=jews.

“Our Beginnings.” National Council of Jewish Women Pittsburgh, January 19, 2018. https://www.ncjwpgh.org/our-beginnings/.

“Overview of Immigrant Populations in Pittsburgh.” Grantmakers of Western PA, March 2017. https://gwpa.org/sites/default/files/resources/Overview of Immigrant Populations in City of Pittsburgh.pdf.

“Persecution and Immigration.” Pittsburgh Daily Post, March 12, 1891. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86418759/?terms=jews.

“Pittsburgh Club Women.” Pittsburgh Daily Post, January 25, 1925. https://www.newspapers.com/image/88487379/?terms=jewish+refugees https://archive.org/details/WhatEveryEmigrantShouldKnow.

Pittsburgh Weekly Gazette, February 22, 1820. https://www.newspapers.com/image/96052778/?terms=jews.

Polangin, Frederick N. “Frank J. Hogan, Roper, McNinch Assail Bigotry.” Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph, December 12, 1938. https://www.newspapers.com/image/523984330/?terms=jews.

“Polish Rebellion of 1863.” Encyclopedia of Russian History. Encyclopedia.com, December 12, 2019. https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/polish-rebellion-1863.

“POSTWAR REFUGEE CRISIS AND THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE STATE OF ISRAEL.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/postwar-refugee-crisis-and-the-establishment-of-the-state-of-israel.

“Rabbis Assail Father Coughlin As ‘Prejudiced’.” Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph, June 18, 1939. https://www.newspapers.com/image/523300774/?terms=antisemitism.

“Racial Hatred Given Rap By Local Pastor.” Pittsburgh Post Gazette, September 29, 1930. https://www.newspapers.com/image/88831149/?terms=jews.

“Read and Reflect: Emigration in Klaus Langer’s Diary.” Facing History and Ourselves. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://www.facinghistory.org/teaching-salvaged-pages/read-and-reflect-emigration-klaus-langers-diary.

“Refugee Ship Europe-Bound, All Hope Gone.” The Pittsburgh Press, June 7, 1939. https://www.newspapers.com/image/147694150/?terms=jewish+refugees.

“Refugees.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/refugees.

“Refugees and Rescuers: The Courage to Act.” Facing History and Ourselves. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://www.facinghistory.org/resource-library/americans-and-holocaust-refugee-crisis/refugees-and-rescuers-courage-act.

“Refugees Are Expected Here.” Pittsburgh Daily Post, May 7, 1903. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86382828/?terms=jewish+refugees.

“Refugees Land After Two Days Without Water.” The Pittsburgh Press, June 18, 1939. https://www.newspapers.com/image/147803512/?terms=jewish+refugees.

“Refugees Today.” Holocaust Encyclopedia. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/refugees-today?parent=en/2419.

“Rescuing Children From Persecution and Giving Them Homes, Hadassah Aim.” The Pittsburgh Press, January 1, 1939. https://www.newspapers.com/image/147414826/?terms=jewish+refugees+pittsburgh.

“Russia and the Jews.” The Pittsburgh Gazette, November 20, 1905. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86263213/?terms=jews.

“Russian Jews Face New Era in Revolution.” Pittsburgh Daily Post, March 21, 1917. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86649139/?terms=jews.

“Secretary Ickes Suggests Alaska as Refugee Haven.” The Pittsburgh Press, November 23, 1938. https://www.newspapers.com/image/147571564/?terms=jewish+refugees.

“Ship Ordered to Take Jews Back to Reich.” The Pittsburgh Press, June 5, 1939. https://www.newspapers.com/image/147685163/?terms=jewish+refugees.

“Situation in Russia.” Pittsburgh Weekly Gazette, November 13, 1905. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86260357/?terms=jews.

Stokes, Thomas L. “Religious Groups Help to Orientate Refugees In U.S.” The Pittsburgh Press, April 6, 1941. https://www.newspapers.com/image/147323920/?terms=refugees.

Suydam, Emma B. “Review and Forecast of Club Activities.” Pittsburgh Daily Post, February 15, 1920. https://www.newspapers.com/image/87543098/?terms=jewish+immigrants.

“The Czar’s Cruelty.” Pittsburgh Dispatch, August 16, 1890. https://www.newspapers.com/image/76226348/?terms=jews.

“The Daily Post.” Pittsburgh Daily Post, July 25, 1882. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86362995/?terms=jewish+refugees.

“The Evian Conference.” Facing History and Ourselves. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://www.facinghistory.org/resource-library/evian-conference.

“The Finances of Berlin.” Pittsburgh Daily Post, November 28, 1887. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86215488/?terms=jewish.

“The Gazette’s Russian Relief Fund in Three Days’ Subscriptions….$1,051.25.” Pittsburgh Weekly Gazette, November 20, 1905. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86263179/?terms=jewish.

“The Hope of Zionism.” Pittsburgh Weekly Gazette, June 12, 1904. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86227936/?terms=jews.

“The Jewish Question.” Pittsburgh Weekly Gazette, January 17, 1904. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86211584/?terms=jewish.

“The Nazis’ Insane Cruelty to Jews.” Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph, December 16, 1941. https://www.newspapers.com/image/524626210/?terms=jews.

“The People Speak.” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 9, 1939. https://www.newspapers.com/image/89491604/?terms=jewish+refugees.

“The Refugee Crisis and 1930s America.” Facing History and Ourselves. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://www.facinghistory.org/resource-library/americans-and-holocaust-refugee-crisis/refugee-crisis-and-1930s-america.

“THE UNITED STATES AND THE NAZI THREAT: 1933-37.” Holocaust Encyclopedia. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/the-united-states-and-the-nazi-threat-1933-37.

“THE UNITED STATES AND THE REFUGEE CRISIS, 1938-41.” Holocaust Encyclopedia. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Accessed December 13, 2019. https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/the-united-states-and-the-refugee-crisis-1938-41?parent=en/2419.

“To Help Hebrew Refugees.” Pittsburgh Daily Post, January 25, 1892. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86436470/?terms=refugees.

“Treaty Rights in Russia Are to Be Demanded.” Pittsburgh Daily Post, December 5, 1911. https://www.newspapers.com/image/86479290/?terms=jews.

“U.S. Asked to Intercede with Poland; Hull Voices Sympathy.” Jewish Telegraphic Agency. July 14, 1937. http://pdfs.jta.org/1937/1937-07-14_285.pdf?_ga=2.256055371.1797971343.1576507043-1542497820.1569259983.

“Visiting Savants ‘Unable’ to Find Anti-Semitism in Hitler’s Reich.” Jewish Daily Bulletin, August 19, 1934. http://www.jta.org/1934/08/19/archive/visiting-savants-unable-to-find-anti-semitism-in-hitlers-reich.

Wiegand, Karl H.Von. “Jewish State in Africa Called Most Feasible and Best Solution of Problem.” Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph, December 25, 1938. https://www.newspapers.com/image/524036445/?terms=jews.

Willard, Mrs. H F. “Urges Passage of Refugee Bill.” The Pittsburgh Press, May 23, 1939. https://newspapers.ushmm.org/article/1026.

Witte, Griff. “Trump Gave States the Power to Ban Refugees. Conservative Utah Wants More of Them.” The Washington Post. WP Company, December 2, 2019. https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/trump-gave-states-the-power-to-ban-refugees-conservative-utah-wants-more-of-them/2019/12/02/d8de7b00-1085-11ea-a533-90a7becf7713_story.html.

Books

Burstin, Barbara Stern. After the Holocaust: the Migration of Polish Jews and Christians to Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1989.

Burstin, Barbara Stern. Steel City Jews in Prosperity, Depression and War: a History of Pittsburgh and Its Jewish Community, 1915-1950. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Closson Press, 2015.

Burstin, Barbara Stern. Jewish Pittsburgh. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2015.

Feldman, Jacob. The Jewish Experience in Western Pennsylvania: A History 1755-1945. Pittsburgh, PA: Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, 1986.

Strauss, Herbert Arthur. Jewish Immigrants of the Nazi Period in the USA. New York: K.G. Saur, 1981.

Wischnitzer, Mark. Visas to Freedom ; the History of HIAS. Cleveland: World Pub. Co., 1956.